Ancient Egypt Online

Ta Mery; Beautiful land

Welcome to Ancient Egypt Online; a site dedicated to the culture, language, religion and history of ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians did not call their home "Egypt" (that name is based on the Greek pronunciation of the name of Ptah's temple in Memphis - "Hwt-ka-Ptah"), instead they referred to it as Kemet (or Kem - the black land) or Ta Mery (the beautiful land).

Upper and Lower Egypt

Ta Shemau; Upper Egypt Ta Mehu; Lower Egypt

Ancient Egypt was divided into Ta Shemau (Upper Egypt) and Ta Mehu (Lower Egypt). Click on the hieroglyphs to view the map of Upper Egypt or the map of Lower Egypt

The division between upper and lower Egypt was retained after the unification of the kingdom in the Pre-dynastic Period and the pharaoh was often known as the King of Upper and Lower Egypt. This concept of duality is a constantly reoccuring feature of the Egyptian civilisation and was echoed in the pairing of different gods and goddesses to represent upper and lower Egypt.


The ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic language is both fascinating and beautiful. For many hundreds of years their meaning was lost, but thanks to the hard work of egyptologists hieroglyphs can again be read and enjoyed. Ancient Egypt Online features a full hieroglyphic sign list along with detailed tutorials to teach yourself hieroglyphs, and fun quizzes. We also have a fascinating Library where you can find out more about specific texts and read ancient Egyptian stories.


If you want to find out more about the Pharaohs, check out our timeline, a complete list of the rulers of ancient Egypt divided into periods and dynasties. As well as general descriptions of each time period you will find links to pages about individual kings, queens and other important citizens. Not all of the Pharaohs have their own page - it is a work in progress! If you are interested in a particular pharaoh, email Ancient Egypt Online and they can be moved to the top of the "to do" list.

Mysteries of ancient Egypt

Our Mysteries section considers topics such as "was Tutankhamun murdered?", "who was the pharaoh of the exodus?" and "who were the hyksos?". This section will keep expanding, so watch this space!

Pyramids and Tombs

Ancient Egypt Online also hosts an ever increasing selection of articles about the beautiful and fascinating buildings and monuments of ancient Egypt. If you want to find out more about the Great Pyramid of Giza or explore the tombs of the Valley of the Kings you have come to the right place!

Kemet Design

Kemet Design

You can also visit our sister site, Kemet Design, to buy jewellery, t-shirts, mugs, perfume and incense inspired by Ancient Egypt or to order the translation of text from English into hieroglyphs.

About us

Ancient Egypt Online is written and maintained by Jenny Hill. If you have any comments or queries, please email Jenny at Ancient Egypt Online.

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Ancient Egypt Online