Sekhemib (Seth-Peribsen, Sekhemib Pereenmaat)

Horus name; Horus Sechemib

He was named Sekhemib ("powerful in heart") when he ascended to the throne, but it appears that he changed his name to Seth-Peribsen ("Set hope of all hearts") during his reign. His Horus name was depicted in a serekh with a falcon on top, but in his Set name the serekh is topped by a Set animal (a dog or jackal like creature with large pointed ears).

Alternative serekh; Horus Sechemib Perenmaat

It is suggested that Sekhmet/Peribsen might have been usurper or that under his rule a religious or political revolution took place. Proponents of this view suggest that the latent rivalry between the north (Lower Egypt, associated with Horus and the red crown) and the south (Upper Egypt, associated with Seth and the white crown) caused much unrest during his reign, and that the followers of Seth gained the upper hand. However, it is also proposed that he continued to use both names to signify the balance between the two factions.

Some scholars suggest that Sekhemib Pereenmaat and Sekhemhib/Peribsen were two different kings. While others suggest that Sekhemib is the same person as Sendji..

Kasekhemwy seems to have honoured the king´s burial, suggesting that he respected his predecessor, and Peribsen´s mortuary cult survived into the fourth dynasty suggesting that there was no negative view attached to the king's use of the Set animal. Inscriptions from the tomb of Khasekhemwy depict dead bodies and mention a "victory over the Northeners", but do not provide any further details.

Alternative serekh; Seth Peribsen

It is certainly fair to say that the god Horus dominated Egyptian history. Set was always seen as a necessary component of Egyptian religion, but as time passed he became less ferocious and Horus became more powerful. Unfortunately, there are no artifacts found which confirm what actually happened.

Seth-Peribsen ruled for around 17 years. His predecessor is sometimes listed as Nynetjer, though there is evidence of a number of other rulers between these two kings and Manetho lists three otherwise unattested rulers between Sekhemib and Khasekhemwy.


Nebti; Sekhemib Perenmaat
Nebti; Sekhemib Perenmaat
Nebti; Peribsen
Nebti; Peribsen
Sekhemhib's Nomen 'Peribsen'
Nomen; Peribsen
copyright J Hill 2010
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