Ancient Egyptian Festival Calendar: Shemu

hieroglyphs; Shemu

Shemu (shomu - low water, harvest) was the third season in the ancient Egyptian calendar, running from early May to early September. It was the season of the harvest (in contrast to most of their neighbours who would be planting their crops at this time). At the end of Shemu fall the additional five epagomenal days which brought the number of days in the year to 365. Of course, the missing quarter day cause the calendar to slip out of sync!

Month 9; hnsw (Pa-khonsu, Pakhon)

month; Pakhon
Day
Festival
1
festival of Renenutet (and the birthday of Nepri -personification of grain)
10
festival of Anubis
11
festival of Min a 4-day festival
18
mddnt (half-month)

Month 10; hnty-hty (Paeninet, Paoni, Payni)

month; Payni
Day
Festival
New moonfestival of the valley
7
Feast of Wadjet
19
Hb HqA anx wDA snb 'festival of the ruler may he live, be healthy and well'


11; iput-hmt (Epip Epiph)

month; Epiph
Day
Festival
15
Hapy and Amun to secure a good flood (known from Dynasty 19 rock inscriptions at Gebel el-Silsila)
30
eve of the Hathor festival at Thebes

Month 12; Wpt-rnpt (Mesut-Ra, Mesori)

month; Epiph
Day
Festival
2
Ipip festival, isis(Late Period)
8
Summer solstice: ceremony of Wadjet
24
festival of Ptah (local festival), according to a rough inscription on a Middle Kingdom pyramid
30
New Years Eve

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