Map of ancient Egypt: Upper Egypt

Map of the Nomes of Upper Egypt Ta Shemau; Upper Egypt

This map of ancient Egypt depicts Upper Egypt. Upper Egypt extended from the Libyan Desert south past Abu Simbel. The labelling of "upper" and "lower" seems counterintuitive, with Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north, but in fact relates to the Nile which flows from the highlands of East Africa (upstream) to the Mediterranean Sea (downstream). Upper Egypt was known as Ta-Shemau and was divided into twenty-two areas called Nomes.

The patron goddess of the Ancient Upper Egypt is Nekhbet, and so Lower Egypt can also be represented by a vulture. This goddess appears with Wadjet (of Lower Egypt) in the Pharaoh's "Nebty" name (also known as the "two ladies"). However, Upper Egypt was also associated with Isis, Hathor, Sekhmet and Set. Upper Egypt was associated with the lotus flower but was also represented by the sedge reed, which is referenced in the Pharaoh's Prenomen which begins with the epithet "he of the sedge and bee" (meaning he of Upper and Lower Egypt). The Pharaoh (and some of the gods) wore the White Crown ("hedjet") to display their guardianship of Upper Egypt. This crown was combined with the Red Crown of Lower Egypt to form the Double Crown ("pschent").



1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22


1: Ta Khentit (Land of the arch) or Ta-Seti (the frontier)

Emblem of the 1st Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Khnum, Satet (Satis), Anuket (Anukis), Isis, Horus the Elder and Sobek

Cities
Abu (Elephantine), temples of Khnum and Satet (Satis) and temple of Amenhotep III (now demolished)
Sunet (Syene, Aswan), temple of Isis
Nubyt (Arabic Kom Ombo), double temple of Sobek with Horus

White Chapel
Represented by Horus



2: Behde or Utes-Hor (Throne of Horus)

Emblem of the 2nd Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Horus

Cities
Djeba (Apollonopolis, Edfu), temple of Horus and the shrine of governor Isi

White Chapel
Represented by Horus of Behedet




3: Ten (The rural Shrine)

Emblem of the 3rd Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Horus, Nekhbet, Khnum, Neith

Cities
Nekhen (Hierakonpolis, Kom al-Ahmar), temple of Horus
Nekheb (Eleithyiaspolis, Elkab), temple of Nekhbet and Sobek
Nekheb desert valley, temples of Hathor and Shesmetet
Iunet (Esna), temple of Khnum and Neith

White Chapel
Represented by Nekhbet, Horus of Nekhen, Wenu




4: Wast (The Was sceptre)

Emblem of the 4th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Amun, Mut, Khonsu, Montu, Sobek, Meretseger, the Buchis cult,

Cities
Perhathor (Pathyris, Gebelein), temple of Hathor
Imiotru (Rizeiqat), temple of Montu
Djerty (Tod), temple of Montu
Waset (Thebes, also Qurneh for West Bank or Luxor and Karnak for East Bank), temple of Amun,
Mut and Khonsu (and many others)
Madu (Medamud), temple of Montu

White Chapel
Represented by Montu




5: Herui (The two falcons)

Emblem of the 5th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Min, Seth

Cities
Shenhur, temple of Isis
Gis (Apollonopolis mikra, Qus), temple of Horus and Heqet, and divine child Khonsu-Thoth
Gebtyu (Coptos, Qift), temple of Min and Isis
Nubt (Ombos, Naqada), temple of Seth

White Chapel
Represented by Min of Coptos




6: Aa-ta (Crocodile)

Emblem of the 6th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Hathor, Ihy

Cities
Iunet (Tentyris, Dendera), temples of Hathor and Ihy

White Chapel
Represented by Hathor and Iq




7: Sheshesh (Sistrum)

Emblem of the 7th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Bat, Hu

Cities
Hut-Sekhem-Senusret (Diospolis Parva, Hu)

White Chapel
Represented by Bat




8: Abt (Great Land)

Emblem of the 8th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Khentamentiu, Osiris, Anhur

Cities
Abdju (Osiris, Abydos, al-Arabah), temple of Osiris Khentamentiu

White Chapel
Represented by Khentamentiu




9: Minu

Emblem of the 9th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Min

Cities
Ipu khent-min (Panopolis, Akhmim), temple of Min
Hut-Repyt (Athribis, Wannina)

White Chapel
Represented by Min




10: Uatchet (the snake)

Emblem of the 10th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Seth, Maahes, Nemty

Cities
Djebu (Antaeopolis, Qau al-Kabir), temple of Nemty

White Chapel
Represented by Bau (or Seru?)




11: Set

Emblem of the 11th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Horus, Seth

Cities
Shashotep (Apotheke, Shutb)

White Chapel
Represented by Bau




12: Dw-f

Emblem of the 12th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Nemty

Cities
Hut-Sekhem-Senusret (Hu)

White Chapel
Represented by Matyt or Bat




13: Atef-Khent

Emblem of the 13th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Wepwawet, Anubis

Cities
Saut (Lycopolis, Asyut), temple of Wepwawet

White Chapel
Represented by Wepwawet




14: Atef-Pehu

Emblem of the 14th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Hathor

Cities
Qesy (Cusae, al-Qusiya), temple of Hathor

White Chapel
Represented by Hathor (but her name is lost)




15: Wn

Emblem of the 15th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Thoth, the Ogdoad

Cities
Khemenu (Hermopolis, Ashmunein), temple of Thoth

White Chapel
Represented by Aha (Bes) or Wenut




16: Mehmahetch (Oryx)

Emblem of the 16th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Pakhet, Khnum

Cities
Hebenu (Kom el-Ahmar), temple of Horus (not found)
Tadehnet (Greek Akoris, Arabic Tehna), temple of Amun and possibly Sobek

White Chapel
Represented by Horus of Hebenu




17: Anubis / Anput

Emblem of the 17th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Anubis, Anput

Cities
Saka (al-Qes?), temple of Bata?
Hardai, temple of Anubis

White Chapel
Represented by Anubis of Henu




18: Nemty

Emblem of the 18th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Nemty

Cities
Hutnesut (Sharuna), temple of Horus-Dunanwy
Hardai, temple of Anubis

White Chapel
Represented by Nemty




19: Wab (The pure sceptres)

Emblem of the 19th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Seth, Mormyrus fish

Cities
Permedjed (Oxyrhynchus, Bahnasa)

White Chapel
Represented by Igay




20: Atef-Khent (the southern Sycamore)

Emblem of the 20th Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Heryshef

Cities
Henennesut (Heracleopolis, Ihnasya), temple of Heryshef

White Chapel
empty




21: Atef-Pehu (the Lower Laurel/ the northern Sycamore)

Emblem of the 21st Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Khnum, Sobek, Renpet

Cities
Shedyet (Crocodilopolis in Greek and Euergetis or Arsinoe during the Ptolemaic period), cult of Sobek
Shenakhen/Semenuhor (Akanthon, possibly near Kafr Ammar or Kafr Tarkhan)

White Chapel
Represented by Khnum




22: Maten (the knife)

Emblem of the 22nd Nome of Upper Egypt
Gods
Hathor

Cities
Tepihu (Aphroditopolis, Atfih), temple of Hathor
The White Chapel entry suggets that the Fayum region was part of this province

White Chapel
Represented by Neith and Sobek of the southern lake


Map of ancient Egypt: Lower Egypt

copyright J Hill 2010
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