Turin Kings List

The Turin Canon was found on the reverse of a papyrus tax roll. It lists many of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt, including a number of gods! It was composed during the reign of Ramesses II by Theban scribes and so it presents the Theban political viewpoint. For example, it begins the Eleventh Dynasty with the founders of the Theban line rather than with the later reign of Monthotep II.

Column One

  • (Pre-Dynastic Horus God Kings)
  • Geb
  • Ausar (Osiris)
  • Setekh (Set)
  • Hor (Horus), Hor gods, 300 years
  • Djehuty (Thoth), 7,726 years
  • Ma'at, 100 years
  • Hor (Horus)

Column Two

Column Three

Forth Column

Fifth Column

Sixth Column

  • (Middle Kingdom)
  • Maakherure (Amenemhat IV)
  • Khutawyre (Wegaf)
  • Sekhemkake (Amenemhat V)
  • Amenemhatre (Amenemhat)
  • Sehotepibre
  • Iunfni
  • Sankhibre (Amenemhat VI)
  • Smenkare
  • Sehotepibre
  • Swadjkare
  • Nedjemibre
  • Sobek[hotep]re
  • m[?]nbw
  • Auibre
  • Sedjef[?]kare (Amenemhat (Amenemhat VII)
  • Amenemhat Sobekhotep
  • User[?]Re[?]djer
  • [?]kare
  • [?]re (intef IV)
  • [?]ibre Seth (Seth)
  • Sekhem[?]Re[?]Sobekhotep (Sobekhotep III)
  • Kha-[sekhem]-Re Nefer-hotep, 11 years
  • Hwt-Re-her-Hor-sa
  • Kha-nefer-Re Sobek-hotep

Seventh Column

  • (Middle Kingdom)
  • Kha-hotep-Hor-Re, 4 years
  • Uah-ibya-ib-Re, 10 years, 8 months, 28 days
  • Mer-nefer-Re, 23 years, 8 months,18 days
  • Mer-hotep-Re, 2 years
  • Sankh-nes-wadj-tu-Re, 3 years
  • Mer-sekhem-in-[?]-Re, 3 years
  • Sudj-ka-Hori-Re, [5] years
  • Mer-ka-Re, 2 years
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?]-mose
  • [?]-[?]-Maa't-Re
  • [?]-Re-uben-Re
  • [?]-ka-Hor-Re
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]
  • [?]-Hor
  • [?]-r-Re
  • Mer-kheper-Re
  • Mer-ka-[Re]

Column Eight

  • (Middle Kingdom)
  • Ne-hesy
  • Khaty-Re
  • Nebef-aut-Re, 1 year, 5 months, 15 days
  • Se-heb-Re, 3 years
  • Mer-djefa-Re, 3 years
  • Saa'-ka-Re, 1 year
  • Neb-djefa-Re-Re, 1 year
  • Uben-Re-Hor-Re
  • [?], 1 year
  • [?]-Re, 4 years
  • [?]-bin-Re-Hor-[?], 3 years
  • Aut-ib-Re
  • Her-ib-Re, life, prosperity
  • Neb-sen-Re
  • [?]-Re
  • Skheper-ren-Re, 2 year
  • Djed-Hor-kheru-Re, 2 year
  • Sankh-ib-Re
  • Nefer-tem-[?]-Hor-Re
  • Sekhem-[?]-Re
  • Ka-[?]-ut-kha-Re
  • Nefer-ib-[?]-Re
  • Ii-[?]-Re, life, prosperity, health
  • Khaa'-[?]-Re
  • Aa'-ka-Re
  • Smen-[?]-Re
  • Djed-djed-[?]-Re

Column Nine

  • (Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period)
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]-Re
  • Snefer-[?]-Re
  • Men-[?]-Re
  • [?]-djed-djed-[?]
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • Inek-[?]
  • Ii-neb-[?]
  • Ip-[?]
  • Hab
  • Sa [son]
  • Hapu-kha
  • Shemes-su
  • Meni-[?]
  • Wer-kai [great height]
  • [?]
  • [?]-I-ka
  • [?]-Hor
  • [?]-ren
  • [?]-ka-Hor
  • [?]-ka-Hor
  • [?]

Column Ten

  • (Second Intermediate Period)
  • I-[?]
  • Sutekh-Hor-[?]
  • Nu-[?]
  • Hor-[?]
  • [?]
  • Iw-ibi-[?]
  • Mer-[?]-peh-Hor
  • Penen-set-[?]-n-sepet
  • Kher-hemaut-[?]
  • Khui-hemet
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • Seket-[?]
  • Ar-[?]

Column Eleven

  • (Second Intermediate Period)
  • Sekhem-[?]-Re, 3 years
  • Sekhem-Hor-[?]-Re, 13 years
  • Sekhem-Hor-s-[?]-Re, 1 year
  • Swadj-n-[?]-Re, 1 year
  • Neb-iry-au-Re
  • Neb-it-au-Re
  • Smen-dja-Re
  • Suser-sir-[?]-Re
  • Sekhem-shed-Waset-Re
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]
  • [?]-Re
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • User-[?]-Re
  • User-[?]
  • [?]-heb-Re
  • [?]
  • [?]
  • [?], 3 years
  • [?]-n-Re-Hor, 3 year
copyright J Hill 2010
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